Five judges are elected to the highest court of the United Nations
United nations. In two separate parallel votes by secret ballot, the Assembly and Council re-elected the current judge, Hilary Charlesworth from Australia.
Another judge, Kirill Gevorgyan of Russia, failed to win another term.
Four new judges were elected: Bogdan-Lucian Aurescu (Romania); Sarah Hall Cleveland (United States); Juan Manuel Gomez Robledo Verduzco (Mexico); Tladi Monastery (South Africa).
In the complex voting process, the General Assembly achieved a decisive result in the first round of voting, with five candidates obtaining an absolute majority.
Instead, the Security Council reached its conclusion after five rounds of voting.
Each judge will serve a nine-year term, beginning on February 6 of next year.
The candidates who were not selected are Chaloka Bayani (Zambia); Ahmed Amin Fathallah (Egypt); Kirill Gevorgyan (Russia); and Antoine Kisia-Mbi Mindwa (Democratic Republic of the Congo).
The judges or members of the International Court of Justice are elected in accordance with the Statute of the Court, the Rules of Procedure of the General Assembly, and the Provisional Rules of Procedure of the Security Council.
In order to be elected, members must obtain an absolute majority in both the General Assembly (97 votes) and the Security Council (8 votes).
If the number of candidates obtaining an absolute majority in the first vote, whether in the Assembly or the Council, is less than five, a second vote is held in the same session until five candidates obtain the required majority.
There were cases in which a larger number of candidates obtained an absolute majority in the same vote. In these cases, the Council or Council continues to vote until only five candidates obtain the required majority.
The court consists of 15 judges who serve for nine-year terms. Five positions are elected every three years. There is no ban on consecutive periods.
Judges are selected on the basis of their qualifications, not their nationality, but no two judges may be from the same country. Efforts are also being made to ensure balance in the composition of the court.
Established in 1945 and headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands, the International Court of Justice, known informally as the “World Court,” resolves disputes between states and issues advisory opinions on legal matters referred to it by others. United nations.
A relatively recent case that has received international attention is the ruling against Myanmar in January 2020, which ordered the country to protect its minority Rohingya population and destroy evidence related to genocide claims. Gambia has filed the case against Myanmar.
The first members of the World Court were elected on February 6, 1946, at the first session of the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.