Latin America and its open scientific developments ‘out of necessity’ | Globalism
Latin america It is one of the world’s most advanced areas of open science and this is due to the “need” of its experts to continue a long tradition of research with low resources to develop it.
This was stated by Guillermo Anlo, Regional Head of UNESCO’s Scientific, Technological and Innovation Policy Programme, in the framework of the International Science Day and at the full celebration in Paris of the General Conference of that UNESCO agency. HIM-HER-ITFrom which global agreements on open science and artificial intelligence are expected to emerge.
The Argentine expert explains: “The region has a strong and long tradition in the scientific community, but with few resources and investments, so it has struggled very hard for this synergy and cooperation,” which notes that outside Europe and the United States, it is the “great hubs of science,” America has advanced Latin “necessarily”.
Cielo Networks and Latindex or the Clacso Foundation (Latin American Council for the Social Sciences), promoted by UNESCO itself, are examples of shared spaces accessible to the public and open to content that are a milestone in the collaborative sciences of the region.
As Anlló himself notes, the recognition of the region can be seen in the fact that Fernanda Beagle chairs the International Advisory Committee on Open Science of UNESCO, which consists of four other representatives from Latin American countries: from Brazil and Uruguay, Venezuela and Colombia.
Open science, according to the expert, “must break certain standards of traditional scientific culture,” such as biased “peer reviews” or publications in “big science publishers,” which are “the best private legal businesses in the world, with a net profit margin above 35%.” “, as well as openness to the agenda of social demands.
He notes that “open science should open the agenda and bring in other problems that must be addressed not only by local researchers but also by major health centers in the world.”
Artificial Intelligence: The Next Pandemic?
A well-known audiovisual content platform suggests a movie based on our tastes or a company advertises a product by mail through an online search. They are some of those little actions that we have already integrated into our daily lives and they are examples of artificial intelligence.
The ethical dimensions of this technological advance are also the focus of the Paris discussions, because besides its beneficial side, such as early detection of cancer or treatment of trauma, there are also dangers of stimulating consumption or mental manipulation. negative purposes.
“All these phenomena that we see on the ICT platform, and that really affect us, you don’t know what vertigo means when you include the biological part. It’s already in the labs, I’m not talking about science fiction, I’m talking about reality: the chip in the head. To change memories, memories are a reality,” he comments.
The person who was the undersecretary of technology and innovation at the first department of science, technology and innovation in Buenos Aires province between 2016 and 2017, says he usually jokes that “the next pandemic will be artificial intelligence or neuroscience,” since “it will have similar effects, So, you have to be prepared.”
In his opinion, in the field of artificial intelligence, Latin America has “something weak in the academic leg”, as its talents “gone abroad”, while the public sector is “much behind schedule”, without being able to “fit in well” committees To identify the challenge involved and the opportunity.”
Once again, he insists, the countries of the region should “share” all their efforts in moving toward a single agenda, given that they already have a common “hereditary life history”, similar “social demands” and “global challenges”. It will affect everyone equally, such as climate change or migration.