To the right or to the left? What is the current political map of Latin America | Politics News
The power of the right-wing in Latin America has been boosted by the victory of Guillermo Lasso, although this may change with upcoming elections in 4 countries in the region.
This year, Latin America witnessed important elections for the region.
Ballot that Guillermo Lasso was elected As President of Ecuador, and General elections in PeruLeft-wing Pedro Castillo and right-wing Keiko Fujimori, daughter of imprisoned ex-president Alberto Fujimori, went to the second round, the most relevant news was last Sunday, April 11th.
Guillermo Laso’s victory strengthened the right in Latin America, which is represented by such presidents as Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil; Evan Duque in Colombia; Luis Lacalle Beau in Uruguay; Sebastian Pinera in Chile; And Mario Abdo is in Paraguay, among others.
Meanwhile, the left in Latin America represents Miguel Diaz Canel in Cuba. Luis Ars from Bolivia; Alberto Fernandez in Argentina; Daniel Ortega from Nicaragua; Luis Manuel Lopez Obrador from Mexico; And Nicolas Maduro in Venezuela.
However, This scenario could change suddenly, With the second presidential round in Peru, which will be held on June 6, in addition to the presidential elections in Chile, Honduras and Nicaragua, scheduled for November. Additionally, Colombia will hold electoral elections during 2022.
An ideological course at the polling stations
According to political scientist Karen Garzon-Sherdick, Director of International Relations at SEK International University and a member of the Political Scholars NetworkAnd the The element that will characterize this electoral scenario will beThe triple crisis facing Latin America: economic, social and healthMany of these governments “had an administration that was highly questioned by the population, which translates into popular discontent.”
“These elements can change the ideological direction of states, whether to the left or the right. (…) The elections of these countries will or will not constitute a punitive vote on their rulers. Faced with this scenario, rulers will have to rethink the social contract to avoid populist options. “
This could happen in Chile, where a Successful vaccination planHis current government had to deal with it Social eruptions, Such as those produced in 2019 and 2020.
The situation in Peru is complicated. In the past six months, events like there are three Presidents within a weekThis, like Ecuador, organizes general elections with a large number of presidential candidates. In his case, none of the 18 presidential candidates exceeded 20% of the vote, 19.13% for the radical leftist Pedro Castillo, and 13.36% for the authoritarian right-wing party Keiko Fujimori.
While in Ecuador, with Guillermo Laso’s victory, “interesting bilateral and multilateral relations were formed,” says the political scientist. “Despite the fact that the government of Lenin Moreno sought to join the Andean country into the Pacific Alliance, this could be achieved with Lasso.”
He also indicates that countries such as the United States, Chile and Colombia “will be strategic allies,” and that they will “seek to establish alliances with Asia.” It also indicates that Lasso has already chosen a position regarding the political situation in Venezuela, supported Juan Guaidó as interim president, and promised to regularize the situation of the Venezuelan population in Ecuador. (I)