When a person is exposed to something Allergy, which is a protein of an allergen, for example, peanuts, grass or cat dander, reacts with Antibodies subordinate immune cells from his body. These cells release chemicals like histamine It causes sneezing, hives, wheezing and other symptoms. There is no protein that enters the body when it is made by humans Playing sportsSo technically you can’t be allergic to something like running.
However, according to the Live Science portal, exercise can lead to the same set of symptoms in people with a rare condition called Exercise-induced hypersensitivity.
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“It’s not necessarily mediated by antibodies, but exercise is both a stimulus and a sensitivity cell [inmunes] “They’re still alive,” Dr. Andrew Murphy, an allergist at Suburban Allergy Consultants in Pennsylvania, told this outlet.
Exercise alone is enough to trigger an allergic reaction in some people, but how this happens is not known. One theory suggests that exercise triggers the release of endorphins, which cause some immune cells to release chemicals such as histamine, according to a 2010 review of Revista Current Allergy and Asthma Reports.
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Other people suffer from a condition known as exercise-induced anaphylaxis. For them, eating a certain food before exercising can cause symptoms such as wheezing or hives, even if they do not react to that food at rest.
There are several theories as to why certain foods combined with exercise cause an allergic reaction, including the fact that exercise makes the digestive system more permeable, allowing allergens to be ingested in better contact with the immune system.
Exercise-induced anaphylaxis is rare. About 2 percent of people in the Western world suffer from anaphylaxis, and between 5 percent and 15 percent of cases are caused by exercise, according to the review. The food-dependent version of the disease is less common, accounting for a third to half of all cases. Not many kids come into the office with either of these conditions, Murphy told Live Science, and it usually appears in teens and adults.
Treatment for exercise-induced anaphylaxis is simple: Don’t eat for four hours before and after exercise, according to a review in Expert Review of Clinical Immunology. Another option is to completely avoid foods that activate it, if you know what they are.
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While when exercise is the only motivator, managing the condition can be more challenging, doctors can help patients develop specialized exercise regimens, according to Murphy.
The amount of effort a person with this condition can safely put in varies. Each patient must work with a physician to discover their own limitations. Dr. Murphy, for example, always prescribes an EpiPen in emergency situations, and antihistamines can help prevent seizures, according to a 2001 review in the Journal of American Family Physician.
Serious reactions in response to exercise rarely occur, and skin-related symptoms such as hives, swollen lips, or wheezing are more common.
*With Live Science information
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